The National Highway Authority of India
The National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) is an autonomous body, established by the Federal Government, for the construction, maintenance, and improvement of public roads and highways. Its mandates include framing schemes for National Highways and Strategic Roads, procuring materials and equipment, entering into contracts, and collecting tolls on National Highways. Read on to learn more. This article discusses the purpose and methodology of NHAI.
NHAI’s Golden Quadrilateral
NHAI’s Golden Quadrilatéral highway will be completed in six months next June. The highway was initiated 11 years ago but has had several setbacks since then. The construction was stopped in several states due to issues relating to land acquisition and environmental clearances. It was also stalled due to a dispute over shifting utilities. The Parliamentary panel has now condemned NHAI for its delayed projects.
NHAI is now seeking tenders from insurance firms to introduce cashless treatment for road accident victims. The scheme will cover ambulance services, hospitalisation and up to Rs 30,000 for treatment. The facility will be available at all four arms of the Golden Quadrilateral stretch. The scheme will be evaluated after implementation. If successful, NHAI will onboard an insurance firm to offer the facility. The government hopes to see more people using the cashless system to pay for medical care.
NHAI’s Golden Quadrilatéral project involves massive expenditure of public funds. Corruption charges have also been leveled at the NHAI project. Former Bihar state minister Satyendra Dubey revealed malfeasance in a segment of the highway, claiming that the contractors failed to provide technical expertise. Satyendra Dubey, however, was assassinated in Gaya, Bihar. NHAI has not responded to the allegations made against him.
The project will support a range of activities, including: training and research, infrastructure management, asset and resource planning, Public-Private Partnerships, HIV/AIDS prevention, governance and appropriate approaches and practices. This work will enable NHAI to deliver its mandate of improving access to transportation in the country. The proposed project is expected to deliver significant benefits and is expected to attract investment. Crisil anticipates significant funding requirements for the project.
The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) was formed by an Act of Parliament in 1988. It was entrusted with the management of the nation’s National Highways. It became operational in February 1995. The Authority is composed of a full-time Chairman, five other members, and four part-time Members. At its headquarters in New Delhi, the Authority oversees a diverse range of transportation-related issues, including the development of the nation’s highway system.
NHAI is expected to maintain its central role in the highway sector, with ongoing support from the Government of India. Its financial position is expected to remain strong, as treasury income would decrease due to the higher utilisation of funds, while operating income is expected to increase with additional projects. Gearing will increase as the NHAI seeks to raise market capital. Future cess receipts are expected to provide significant credit comfort.
NHAI’s numbered routes
Currently, most of India’s National Highways are numbered; this is a process that will be completed by the end of this month. In an effort to make the numbering system more scientific, the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) is renumbering many of these routes. Some of these include the popular NH-8 between Delhi and Mumbai, as well as the NH-2 connecting Kolkata and Delhi. In addition, the primary corridors will be lengthened to ensure better traffic flow.
The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) is a statutory body that was formed in 1988. The NHAI has been responsible for the development, maintenance, and management of the nation’s highways. It also manages and implements the National Highways Development Project (NHDP), which involves constructing, upgrading, and maintaining roads that help spur economic development. In addition to this, NHAI is responsible for maintaining the country’s road network, which extends over 1,32499 km.
In addition to implementing the NHAI’s numbered routes program, the Union Government provides funds for road maintenance. Through NHAI, the Union Government funds the maintenance of roads, repairs, and widening of roads. Additionally, it funds the creation of corridor management units, road safety policies, and road-designation guidelines. In addition, NHAI staff is trained to implement these programs. The NHAI has a great deal of potential to improve the lives of Indian citizens, and this is where the United States can shine.
NHAI’s survey technique
The National Highways Development Project (NHDP) is a nationwide initiative to widen and upgrade the nation’s highways. Developed in 1998, this program has improved road safety throughout the country. But it is not the only initiative that NHAI is responsible for. It has also introduced a unique survey technique called the NSV. The NSV employs high-resolution cameras and record images at regular intervals. Other technologies, such as laser road profilometers, help in evaluating and measuring the condition of roads.
The data gathered by the NSV survey will be uploaded to a central AI-based portal, called the Data Lake. This data will be analyzed by the Road Asset Management Cell at NHAI’s Road Asset Management Center, to provide important information on road condition. This data will help the Road Asset Management Cell in formulating strategies for promoting road maintenance and safety. Ultimately, it will benefit the entire country by providing accurate information to enhance safety and comfort.
NHAI has also recently announced plans to deploy a network survey vehicle (NSV) to maintain the quality of the nation’s highways. Surveys using the NSV are required when a road project is certified and every six months thereafter. It is also included in the standard bidding document for consultancy services. Using the NSV, the National Highways Authority of India collects pavement condition data and road inventory. These data are crucial for road asset management, pavement maintenance management systems, and road safety audit related studies.
NHAI’s license requirement
The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) has tightened the noose around its sub-contractors. All construction projects now require a NOC from the NHAI, a requirement that must be met through certified consultancies. The fee for the license is 2.85 lakhs. It also applies to small buildings, which were exempted earlier. Experts applauded the move and pointed out the difficulties in locating experienced contractors in various parts of the country.
Fuel stations are also required to get a licence deed for national highway land and meet certain guidelines. To get a licence, applicants need to fill up the prescribed application form. Fuel stations should also have drainage arrangements, deceleration/acceleration lanes and signs. A licence is necessary for a petrol station to operate safely. Moreover, the fuel station must have adequate parking facilities for both drivers and pedestrians.
The NHAI’s license requirement was recently challenged by an advocate who claimed that the law violated human rights by imposing unfair waiting rules. NHAI’s license requirement does not apply to vehicles that are more than 3 minutes late. Moreover, the NHAI clarified that the 3-minute rule only applies to Chandigarh toll plazas, and does not apply to PAN India. The rule requires a vehicle to pay the toll within three minutes of being spotted. Despite the rules being enforced across the country, there have been cases where vehicles were allowed free passage due to delays of over three minutes.
NHAI’s contract with contractors
The state’s NHAI has been dealing with delays in project awards due to the threat of Covid-19. After the threat was confirmed in India in March, project award activity came to a standstill. This has impacted revenue from BOT projects. Meanwhile, NHAI expects contractors to invoke the Force Majeure clause to avoid payment delays. This is a risk for the highway authority, because delays in projects will increase its liabilities.
The National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) has introduced tougher qualification criteria for sub-contractors, in a bid to improve the quality of roads being built. Private developers can sub-contract projects to contractors who have completed at least 20 percent of the total cost. Additionally, private developers can only subcontract to contractors who have completed at least one road project worth Rs 400 crore or 500 crore, and must have approval from NHAI.
In an effort to improve quality and efficiency, NHAI is turning to consultants to supervise its projects. NHAI has placed strict obligations on these consultants, and has warned them that if they fail to meet the required standards, they will be fired from the project. For example, earlier, Theme Engineering Services was debarred for six months. However, the High Court has upheld this decision. Those impacted by this debarment should expect some form of repercussions, including the possibility of their work being delayed or cancelled.